Biography of Xi Jinping “reflects the sufferings and tribulations of the People’s Republic.” This is confirmed by Alfred Chan, professor emeritus at Canadian University College Huron, in a book in which he attempts to improve the president’s life in “scientific knowledge”, far from the majority of canons. Over 700 pages to answer an endless number of questions, almost as many as yet to come, before a leader is about to perpetuate himself in power indefinitely. Shi’s childhood was characterized by suffering. Official holiness is explicit in this regard, although it responds to the destructive events caused by the Communist Party. What role does this suffering play in shaping your personality? Perhaps he presents him as the embodiment of the forgiveness the regime thinks he deserves? The official narrative has changed over the past forty years. Some of the material I collected from the ’80s and ’90s was more open. When Xi talks about his childhood, he paints an unfavorable picture of the Cultural Revolution and even of Mao, perhaps more conservative today. For Shi, it was very painful, but he did not lose faith in the Communist Party. Because of that, he was able to divide the seven years he spent working as a farmer, the lowest level in society. Today he understands it as a character-enhancing experience and even an opportunity to be part of the reality of the masses. In this sense, he thinks like the majority of Chinese citizens: he is familiar with the terrible recent history of China before the founding of the People’s Republic of China, and for this reason values political and economic stability above all, with the Communist Party. as a unifying force. How does the oppressed young man rise to the top of power? It is really a long process. Before becoming general secretary in 2012, he already had experience in government in towns, counties, and counties. In addition, he was Secretary of Defense Minister, spent 17 years in Fujian, 5 in Zhejiang, and 7 months in Shanghai. As vice president, between 2007 and 2012, he managed security at the Beijing Olympics and various crises in Tibet and Xinjiang. Official information says that he started his political career at the age of 19, so it took 40 years to reach the top. How would you describe individual Xi Jinping? He is undoubtedly a very complex person. Some say he is a strong, determined and ambitious leader. Others emphasized that his iron spirit emits absolute confidence. Xi considers himself the heir of the revolution. When he was a provincial chief who moved with extreme caution, he and his wife declined invitations to large banquets organized by local businessmen and kept a low profile without the spotlight. As a leader, he polished the image of the common man, but he also allowed cadres to articulate his policies in public. I would like to ask you about the deliberations that led to Xi’s election. Some authors point out that it was chosen to correct the course after excessive decentralization. I do not share this impression. I explain in my book how succession is a very delicate process. All members of the Politburo must submit to the scrutiny of the Central Committee. Xi advanced step by step, and it didn’t come out of nowhere. This selection process refers to “collective leadership,” a principle that is apparently consumed by the power that Xi accumulates. How can one man rule China? Certainly no one is as important as him, but I would argue that the current leadership remains collegial, and that Xi maintains a relationship of interdependence with fellow Politburo members marked by a division of labor. His opinion is not the most popular. If I understand you correctly, you consider that the system has not moved towards the character around Shi. So how do you explain the abolition of the term limit? Expired term limit for the position of President of the Republic. This is largely symbolic, with no powers defined in the constitution. Prime Minister of a parliamentary democracy is not subject to restrictions. Angela Merkel, for example, has been at the head of Germany for four terms and sixteen years. From a general point of view, the abolition is not significant, since real power is deposited in the post of the General Secretary of the CPSU, and this has no limits. Specifically, Xi will also maintain this position. Don’t you think there was a reversal of institutionalization in the transfer of power? From a more theoretical perspective, institutions in developing countries are usually weak and change often. China is still finding its way. Personal? Sure, there is still a figure in Chinese politics, but the same can be said of the United States and other countries. Suppose he will start a third term, and a third how many? What will the next five years hold for China under Xi? Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao prepared their successors in advance, thus Xi came to power. He hasn’t hired anyone yet, but he’s a partisan guy, so in my opinion he’ll try next semester to pick one or two people to train, even if he doesn’t give them official replacement status. Otherwise, the sequence can become very messy. In terms of your policies, I expect a great deal of continuity, especially in the face of the unexpected development of the pandemic.