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Why is Carlos III crowned and Felipe VI proclaimed king?


“The era of the constitutional monarch begins”Felipe VI proclaimed the day he was proclaimed king, on June 19, 2014. In front of Parliament and dressed in army uniform, in his first speech as King of Spain, Don Felipe explained which one I would be the purpose of his rule“I embody a renewed ownership for a new time.” He also stressed that he would lead a “full, honest and transparent crown”.

Unlike the ceremony that Carlos III will give next Saturday – when he is crowned king in Westminster Abbey with St. Edward’s Crown, Orb and Scepter – Philip VI is proclaimed king with a less lavish ceremony. This difference between coronation and proclamation is not trivial, as they are terms laden with symbolism in the British and Spanish royal house, respectively.

he Article 61 Of the Spanish Constitution, in addition, it also speaks of annunciation, not coronation: «The king, the being announce Before the General Cortes, he will take an oath to faithfully perform his duties, to uphold and enforce the Constitution and laws and to respect the rights of citizens and autonomous communities.

More than 600 years ago

Kings have not been crowned in Spain for over 600 years. In fact, there is a legend that helps explain why they were not crowned. And it is that the Spanish monarchy had so much power that it did not need symbols to amplify it. Hence, the kings did not wear crowns on their heads or cloaks with cloaks: their presence alone was sufficient. To the extent that The last king to be crowned This was the first Pope, King of Castile in 1379. After him, others were proclaimed, until Felipe VI.

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On June 19, 2014, Philip VI did not receive his rule in a palace or in a monastery. The announcement ceremony was held in the House of Representatives in front of Representatives, Senators and state dignitaries. No foreign chief attended, nor members of the other royal houses. The ceremony was solemn, but strict.

In one corner of the platform installed in Cortes, a crown dating from 1775 and a scepter from 1667 are placed on an agate cushion, signs of a monarchy guarding the national heritage that dates back to the days of Isabel II. Unlike Juan Carlos I’s proclamation of November 22, 1975, there was no religious symbolism in Felipe VI’s proclamation. There was no cross or book of gospels.

Contrary to the stratospheric amounts that the tabloids say the coronation of Carlos III would cost – in these days they publish that it would be 115 million euros of public money -, the total cost of Felipe VI’s proclamation was 132,000 euros.

Most of this budget was devoted to the dismantling of the congressional district, as a special platform was put in place at that cost 55,128.25 eurosto which a further €11,979.61 was added for the additional work on that platform and the laying of the rug where the two royal pieces which form part of the collection of the Crown Jewels of Spain rest.

The proclamation of the King of Spain was an institutional act. Felipe VI wore the uniform of the army, which he endorses as supreme command of the armed forces. It was a very simple and solemn ceremony. There were cheers for the king and for Spain, the national anthem sounded, and finally Felipe VI read his speech. Together with Queen Letizia, he wandered the streets of central Madrid in a Rolls-Royce Phantom IV of the Royal Guard and not in one of the National Heritage Royal Floats.

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