This is how “agricultural millennials” are: better educated, satisfied with their profession and center-right

Luis Perez warns that there is no generational change in rural Spain: “We are in reduced time.” This 31-year-old farmer, along with his 37-year-old brother, runs a cheese factory with 400 dairy sheep. In Cantabria since 2018 “We need to integrate young people: if someone has the desire to devote himself to this activity, there is no need to give up on it, whether it comes from a family tradition or not,” he points out. The Higher Technical School of Agricultural and Forestry Engineering (Etisam) of the University of Cordoba has estimated that the Spanish countryside needs at least 200,000 new companies to ensure that the torch is passed on to the next generation, because, as the main agricultural organizations and Minister of Agriculture Luis Planas himself insisted that 6 out of 10 Farmers will retire in this decade. At the moment, we are far from winning this match. According to the Agriculture Committee, there are only 27,000 farm owners under the age of 35 and more than 355,000 farm owners over the age of 64, 40% of the total. In this context, in conjunction with the University of Cordoba, this agricultural organization presented this Tuesday a study entitled Agro-millennials. A glimpse into the new farmers and ranchers of the twenty-first century” based on interviews with dozens of this group. In it, a glimpse of young farmers is drawn: better trained than previous generations, satisfied with their profession and an ideological vision framed in the center-right. With baccalaureate and more One third of university graduates in training, the report shows that 65% have completed at least a baccalaureate degree or higher vocational training (FP) (in a recent OECD report this percentage fell to 48, 7% of young Spaniards in a year) and 38% They also make no secret of their pride in what they do and rate their satisfaction level at 8.48 out of 10 and 69% would welcome their children who devote themselves to the same activity. In addition, 83% of those surveyed are convinced that farming is a stable job in the long term. ‘Agricultural millennials’ chose Instagram as their favorite social network (62%), followed by Facebook (59%) and Twitter (25%). Their favorite app, one of the majority of the population: Whatsapp, used by 9 out of 10. What is clear is that family traditions do not persist They don’t make a big deal when it comes to devoting themselves to the field (66% of respondents cited this reason). ). This is followed by a personal conviction to contribute to more sustainable food production (31%) and employment (25%). Lewis, who asserts that bringing food to other people’s tables is “a very worthy profession.” In this regard, he regrets that in many parts of society farmers and ranchers are still unaware because he believes their activity is worth it. In this context, agricultural millennials miss “More services such as health centers and schools (67%), and they regret that they have not improved in terms of transportation to connect these small towns (64%) and they are still confirming day by day. Today the digital divide separating the city from the countryside (51%). « For training in cheese I was in the laboratories of various cheese factories in Spain and France. In addition to studying industrial transformation at a specialized French agricultural school “this Cantabrian farmer comments. New farmers also agree that they need to offer more training in things like business management and entrepreneurship ( 69%).In addition to other things like digitization mentioned by 48% of those surveyed, and marketing strategies (44%).Lewis mentions his interest in being up to date on issues such as analyzes done on sheep and cheese manufacturing.Isabelle Bermoy Castilla-La Mancha: More than 150 million endeavors A tool for young farmers The Ministry of Agriculture in Genta de Castilla-La Mancha knows that agriculture and livestock are one of the region’s economic drivers. Specifically, according to data from the Castilian-Manchego government, it has spent more than 150 million euros since 2016 to support the integration of about 4,000 young people under the age of 40 into the field. A figure who puts this independent community at the head of Spain. The average aid is 35,000 euros per beneficiary. What is your vision of the world? The study highlights that, ideologically, the young farmer is center-right with a score of 5.9 where “0” is identified as the far left and “10” is the far right. Obstacles: bureaucracy and access to land In terms of the barriers they have to face, the study points out mainly two: bureaucracy, cited by 69% of those surveyed, and access to land (43%). The long duration of seeking and granting assistance to join the activity (41%), as well as the lack of social recognition (24%) were also cited. “The founding plans are outdated and are not being implemented with the voice of youth in mind,” Lewis says. He had to pass papers from one department to another. “We set up the cheese factory in 2018 and spent two years of bureaucracy until we got all the permits,” he recalls of the course of obstacles that young producers have to overcome that adds another problem: problems in the functioning of the food chain, where many sectors still receive ridiculous original prices . Unless the current ‘perfect storm’ of rising production costs (electricity, fuel, plastic…) combined with the consequences of drought and the novelties of the new Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), more demanding and ‘green’.. Gill Luis Perez warns He should take the lead in this field to develop his own innovations: “We must be profitable.”

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