The second exile of Sergio Ramirez

They are already over Sober dishes Academics eat during their lunch breaks in the Princeton University faculty dining room, where literature is taught, when someone asks Sergio Ramirez:

-And how are you?

Looking out into space, with his sad eyes questioning the Earth, author Margarita, the sea is sadAnd the This key man in Nicaraguan revolutionary history who now lives in exile from his land responded with these five words:

Now I have a nostalgia for Spain.

When he was heard declaring that the blues, Sergio Ramirez was with his wife, Tolita. That was at the beginning of last October. They were at the university for a month where they studied, among other things, Scott Fitzgerald and William Faulkner. In the afternoons he gave lessons, and in the mornings he wrote in front of the already cloudy windows of the autumnal city, from time to time he would see his host, the Mexican professor and writer Rubén Gallo, and he would pick himself up early. As the academic canons of the time dictate. To read, to prepare for the next day’s life, to be Sergio Ramirez, Banished again from the homeland helped free him.

Is it The second exile. He suffered one, imposed by the dictator Somoza, overthrown by a group of young men who made him fall to impose a democratic utopia on free Nicaragua interrupted by Daniel Ortega, now another dictator at the head of another. It was Ortega, of whom he was vice-president, who again sent him into exile, like Gioconda Belli (also exiled in Spain), and many citizens, artists, workers, acquaintances and strangers, all of whom were forced to live in an undesirable place. The emigration of someone who is defending himself in neighboring or distant countries, in order to rebuild his life, and perhaps to find himself in another homeland.

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when he said that, “Now I have a nostalgia for Spain and rdquor; After dinner at Princeton, Sergio Ramirez would not make an assertion, not make a declaration, not break a surface from the past, he would say how much this second exile was causing him to need a home, a territory of the heart, a place to live again, as he had lived in The former, in exile, in Costa Rica, hopefully Nicaragua is different.

Now what is Nicaragua waiting for you? Perhaps, if time and reality that sometimes cares about desire do not cure it, Nicaragua will be again yours and one of those who had to leave, prompted by Ortega, but in any case author That day fell on Sunday (Alfaguara, his last book, are short stories) He does have at least nostalgia for a place real and possible, and that place, the place of his second exile, is Spain. The land that was for the exiles, the exiled Republicans, is now lands others in storage (the expression is taken from José Gauss, the intellectual who was expelled by the civil war) who finds here the same language, another future, a way to correct the fate of the departed.

“Now I have a nostalgia for Spain ”. in Sergio Ramirez Longing is part of his eyes; Except when he speaks of the windows (until recently, the ones in his home in Managua, and before which he wrote his books), this way of looking is like his literary style, slow, disguised. As if in his eyes they inhabited a country and a way of imagining his way of describing it. Now, without a country, he finds another and maintains his style, which he hopes in the life of a writer of his dynasty, a kind who knows the kingdom, the dispossession of the kingdom, the exile, the homeland, and the exile again. The way dictatorships condemn insomniacs are those who are led out of the mirror to look at themselves.

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When the threats of this second exile began, Sergio was ill in Madrid, and as if the feeling of expulsion and the ensuing reality affected his body, and perhaps also Tolita. When they take away your homeland, they make you a bigger hole in life, and the result is emitting from the body as a way of getting angry or crying. In that period of time that the Mexican (and now also Spanish) journalist Víctor Jaime was coping with the future, he gave a long interview from which the profile picture (The second exile of Sergio Ramirez), It was published by a Mexican newspaper Millennium and who has just received the second edition, in 2022, of the Mario Vargas Llosa Award for International Journalism, awarded by the Nobel-named President and the Atlas Network Foundation, “United to recognize and promote Rate the Ibero-American Press.

The jury highlighted the author of the work’s “journalistic rigor, moral consistency, and defense of freedom in the exercise of his profession.” As for the text itself, the jury said, “It is a broad profile effectively constructed narrative about one of the consequences of Daniel Ortega’s ‘tropical tyranny’ in Nicaragua: the exile of people fighting to advance democracy, as is the case of the first Central American writer to receive a Cervantes Prize& rdquo;. The president of the jury, Carlos Alberto Montaner, Cuban writer, highlighted the “sensitivity and rigor in reporting and writing with which Victor Jaime executed his work.

In the report, the account of the man who accompanied Ortega in 1978 in the return of freedom to Nicaragua, the central core of the paradox. “At that time I came back because I knew my resistance was helping to get rid of The foundations of the dictatorship. My role today is inactive, now I only have the word, I have not returned and I do not plan to return because I know Ortega is able to put me in jail or, at best, lock me up in my own country. a house. I know many of my age his home in prison. Between the role of the prisoner and the role of exile, I chose the role of exile. Plus, with Somoza his life was ahead of him. Now, with Ortega, my life is behind me.”

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Now, at Princeton, between classrooms, under the leaden sky of those fading frontiers of New York, he said during the after-dinner meal that his homesickness, the home that awaits him, was Spain, and, saying no more, he began to look into the great windows through which you could During which seeing students from all over the place, some of his students, people who know nothing about Nicaraguan drama, Dictatorship is not in the headlines And that made Sergio Ramirez’s appearance again an ode to writing elsewhere.

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