“Romantic love becomes, in many cases, a trap in disguise.” This is confirmed by Carmen Ruiz Rebolo and Laura Pavon Benitez, professors of sociology and anthropology at the Universities of Jaén and Granada, respectively, and authors of invisible fact. Psychological sexual violence between spouses (Violet Pages, 2022). “Romantic love,” explains Ruiz Rebolo, “is a cultural issue—not biological or physical—created to reinforce a completely heterogeneous model that distributes roles, to romanticize certain aspects of violence such as possessiveness, jealousy, isolation, or dominance. In this context, it appears technologies, transforming inequalities into virtual life, amplifying them and creating other forms of violence that one in three people between the ages of 15 and 29 consider “inevitable” or “invention.” The work refers to them, reflects the experiences of victims and warns of an ever-growing problem The increase – especially in rural settings – is getting worse.
Remembering Lydia Falcone, Ruiz Rebolo warns, “Romantic love is a caring construct of what a relationship involves, it’s a mandate to decide when someone loves us or not, it’s a caring construct to keep women in a subordinate position.” Interview with sculptor, sculptor and feminist Kate Millet at EL PAÍS, where she is author sexual politics He warned that while men in power learn, women, out of love, learn to wait and let go.
When Millett (who died in 2017) wrote her most influential work, in the 1970s, the technologies we know today did not yet exist, and sociologists and anthropologists consider that while they are not solely responsible for inequality, they are “other forms of psychological violence.” Against women capable of causing harm at the speed of a click across a network of global influence that prefers the anonymity of criminals’ ‘at all hours of the day. “Networks are the tool, not the problem,” says Ruiz Rebolo.
Networking is the tool, not the problem
Carmen Ruiz Rebolo, Sociologist
A study from the University of Texas Medical School at Galveston (USA) confirms this: “The popularity of texting, social networking, and Internet use among adolescents can create opportunities for abuse, including abuse.surveillance, control, or harassment through technology.” Jeff Temple, the principal investigator of the study published in the journal Journal of Youth and Adolescence.
Trinidad Donoso Vasquez, Professor at the University of Barcelona and author to Gender violence in virtual environments (Octahedro, 2018) points to eight aspects collected by Ruiz and Pavón that make new technologies a fertile field for abusers: accessibility (“make it easier for anyone to abuse”), anonymity (“increases the sense of impunity for the perpetrator”) , diversity (“expands the possibilities for violence”), persistence (“allows hitherto unknown persistence”), ubiquitous (“geographical distance doesn’t matter”), power (“cyberdominance and cyberbullying allows the perpetrator to control public domains” and private to the victim”) and the lack of control (“adds an important feeling to the victim by increasing his or her sense of distress and giving the offender more power”).
However, this terrible network effectiveness in the field of abuse goes unnoticed. Young people ignore it, underestimate it or even deny it. One in three young people between the ages of 15 and 29 does not identify control behaviors with gender-based violence, and according to the Measure of Youth and Gender 2021, which was conducted in Spain with a sample of 1,200 people of the same age group, “the percentage according to the study.” 15% believe that there are unavoidable forms of violence. “Imperative,” as if it were part of the biological domain, ”the sociologist highlights.
But cyber violence exists, and even a police spokeswoman has suffered from it recently, as shown in a TikTok video in which she encourages people to denounce it. the job invisible fact Select ten of these methods:
Observation / Observation. Using technology to track and monitor women’s activities, locations, messages, and calls. “He was controlling me, he had a location, I couldn’t leave my town without telling him, and if I did go out, because I did, I was terrified,” said one study participant. Identified as E10 (all anonymity respected) whose partner convinced him to install a monitoring app to “test if it worked”. “You saw your follower count went up or why did you like this?” He remembers GD9 as the reason for the constant argument with his partner.
harassment. Constant contact with women, harassing, threatening and intimidating them. “When you send him a message, he replies to you right away. It takes longer to respond to him and immediately he sends you a lot of messages and he deletes them so you can quickly read them. If you ask him ‘But what did you put me on?’, he replies: ‘Ah, no, Nothing, nothing, it was one thing. But no, nothing happened, let it go. So you can quickly go back in and read it,” says GD9.
hack. Unauthorized access to systems or resources for the purpose of obtaining personal information, altering or modifying information, and defaming or defaming women. Computer tools, such as Kaspersky’s TinyCheck, allow detection of spyware and cyberbullying on tablets and mobile phones.
calling a “whore” (Expose the slut). Criticizing, blaming, and restricting women in networks for behaviors that some consider illegal or outside of traditional gender roles. “It’s not the same thing to be called a whore during the school holidays than it is to be called a whore on a social network where everyone can see it,” explains Ruiz-Rapollo.
libel. Posting false content to harm a woman’s reputation.
the acting. Assuming a woman’s identity to gain access to private information. It may also include creating an account under another person’s name or domain name with the intent to harm, harass, intimidate, or threaten women.
Offense. Belittling or belittling victims in a public online forum.
douxio (Duxing). Disclosure of private and personally identifiable information online, which may include name, phone number, email address, or home address to provoke harassment, physical violence, or threats.
blackmail. The illegal use of intimate images to blackmail women.
revenge porn. Online distribution of sexually explicit images or videos without the consent of the person in the images.
These forms of aggressiveness are a complication of already existing ones, such as physical harassment (“before they follow you on a motorcycle or car and it is no longer necessary,” the sociologist highlights) or new forms, such as hacking. In any case, they are an extension of the violent arsenal and they are used together. Nothing replaces other, more established methods, such as aggression through the offender’s environment, especially dangerous in rural areas where “everyone knows it and nobody does anything”. “There were women who, even though the attacker was in prison, said: ‘I know he’s here, watching me with his whole family,'” Ruiz Rebolo recalls. Or restricting movements or economic control. “If I wanted something, I had to To lay my hand, not just my hand.”
The fact is that not only the forms of violence have increased, but also the number of victims. The sociologist explains that spirituality, emigration and poverty are important elements that increase women’s vulnerability.
According to the researcher, one of the reasons for this prevalence and its justification or denial of masculinity lies in the “manosphere”, a term referring to the set of digital spaces (domain) for men (man, in English) is characterized by anti-feminism, masculine victimhood rhetoric, and misogyny. “It’s also about meme culture, a short phrase or video that comes to express: ‘I’m going to tell you what feminists really want,'” adds Ruiz-Rebolo.
The solutions are different. One constant is training, which, according to the sociologist, “must begin in childhood with work on consent, good treatment, emotional education, and masculinity.” And she adds, “You have to work a lot with boys because the problem of violence is not with women, but with the men who practice it, who believe in dominance and power.” Families, the media, all departments and all spheres of society also form an essential part. “Education alone will not finish this,” he says.
In this sense, the researcher sheds light on the personality of professionals associated with prevention and work. When they get really involved with women and victims of violence, they stop being civil guards or psychiatrists or lawyers and give them a name. This is very good, it’s basic,” he concludes.
The language used in social networks can also play an important role when it comes to forecasting, as explained by Laya Subirates, member of the group of the Applied Data Science Laboratory (ADaS Lab) at the UOC (Open University of Catalonia), since data processing natural language provides the ability to define and classify Sexism as well as hate speech detection, which can be achieved using machine learning techniques.
Likewise, according to information from the University of Oklahoma, subjects can be extracted from various texts posted on social networks to see which ones are prevalent. “This could be done using Latent Dirichlet Allocation technology that has already been applied in other areas, such as detecting anxiety and depression in spontaneous abortions using Twitter data,” Soberats points out.
Subscribe to continue reading
Read without limits