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Dark tourism: underestimation, morbidity, and reverence in places of death



What is the difference between the “Call of duty” screen and the bombing raid on Kherson? Overdoses of wild content to the point of insensitivity could explain this lack of clarity, a real patient condition, to distinguish between a combat video game and the reality of the war in Ukraine, as well as the disturbing selfies that circulate in Auschwitz, Land according to those who visit the extermination park, come And see. Or the selfies at the Memorial to the Victims in Berlin, which in 2019 inspired the Yolocaust project by Israel’s Shahak Safira to denounce the disrespect of those who photograph themselves doing acrobatic yoga – or a dead person separated from his grimace – among 2,711 concrete blocks symbolizing Jewish graves. Not to mention here, in Spain, a caller picture showing flames in honor of the deceased from Covid located in the heart of the capital, with the mouth of the Gran Vía or the Cibeles Fountain to choose from as the backdrop to the end. the frame. “There are so many images circulating of violence that people end up not knowing if it’s all real or if it’s fake or if it’s a video game, and in the end there’s a trivial effect.” Psychoanalyst and Professor of Psychology at Universidad Operta de Catalunya (UOC) José R. Obito, who is charged with the responsibility of initiating this phenomenon of capitalism, to the voraciousness of mass tourism «which recycles everything as commodities: rebellion and suffering, misery, and protest …», eventually becoming consumer objects in all their forms. That said, from there to understatement Like it, there is only one step. The antidote, as the expert claims, is to contextualise, to get “read information, to think,” and that these approaches, certain visits “are guided, accompanied by explanations that help to understand the meaning of dictatorship, fascism, injustice, over everything for young people. He is the co-author of Welcome to the metaverse?. Existence, the body and the avatar in the digital age, he warns that “the meaning in which we live more and more is not life.” With the common denominator of death or the threat of it, today it is not just visiting cemeteries or Nazi hells. For $250,000, anyone can become “one of the few to see the Titanic with their own eyes,” Ocean Gate touts—that is, dive to the exact point where 1,517 passengers perished in 1912. The Dallas square where John F. Kennedy was assassinated. Kennedy in 1963 or the Memphis Motel where Martin Luther King was murdered five years later, are both pilgrimages. Human disasters like Hiroshima or Ground Zero on September 11th, and natural disasters, I read La Palma volcano and the most gruesome, New Orleans from Hurricane Katrina or the shores of the 2004 tsunami in Thailand, – 5,300 drowned, 2,800 disappeared -, in addition to the wars themselves, constitute a step further. Roads were sold too long to see the scars of those in Bosnia. In Kyiv there are those who went out this summer, when the Russian offensive seemed to have died down, photographed kilometers away in the suburbs with the charred skeletons of enemy tanks and facades blown out by artillery. Before reality For Elsa Soro, PhD in Communication Sciences and Academic Coordinator of the University of Barcelona’s Faculty of Tourism (CETT), the familiarity we show when relating to these scenarios is due to the fact that, often, “in the minds of the viewers, the images were already seen in Fiction before in reality, an influence that has a psychological and informational track that studies theories as a “cure”, based on “confusion occurs”. Like Mexico or Colombia to Pablo Escobar “Narcos”. On the sidelines, the researcher stresses the aspect of tourism as a “leisure activity,” in which the tourist behaves as such, “although this condition coexists with another condition linked to memory in experiences such as going to see crematoriums, which it can give. It rises to controversial behavior.” He points to the 2016 film Austerlitz by German Sergei Loznitsa, which was filmed on Nazi sites, “a remark without condemnation to visitors who basically walk around eating their sandwiches… I can’t stop being a tourist,” he concludes. The tendency towards frenzied commercialization of the horrific and the tragic has made some pockets a “memento” of networks. On Instagram and other virtual shop windows, it seems that flaunting the misfortune of others as a group sells, and in any way. Viral spread is guaranteed. In fact, “statistically,” says Opita Those who go to places of tragedy do so mostly “motivated by the desire for ‘I was there'”, or otherwise explained “by the very contemporary idea of ​​’fear'”. From “loss”, “FOMO” in its English acronym. Fear of missing out on what is described as interesting, which passes through fashion. This is not the only motive that fuels the so-called “dark tourism”, “dark tourism” or “black tourism”, coined by John Lennon and Malcolm Foley in 1996 as “dark tourism” to call this attraction of atrocities, although it is so ancient like the weather. There are wrestling games. Behind these tendencies at least two other drivers are identified. There are those who journey to the gruesome because it is somehow part of their lives, memory, and loved ones, suggesting a moral call to honor and commemorate. And there are also those who do it to see if they can still smell the blood, and feel the horror, that human passion for violence which at once terrifies and fascinates and which indicates disease. “For a few,” Obito points out, “it can feed a pre-existing pathological delusion.” Psychopaths who go to places as havens for their ghosts. On the other hand, the German term “schadenfreude”, which is the complacency of the other’s evil associated with sadism, is cited. To these reasons, there are scholars who add the pure desire to know and understand what happened. In the opinion of Pablo Diaz Luque, Professor of Economics and Business Studies, also at the University of Oklahoma, Pablo Diaz Luque owes this educational power to the general success of the former men’s correctional center in Barcelona, ​​La Modelo, which opened its doors to visitors in 2018. And – the spread of the epidemic in question – reached The number of people infected with it is more than 154,000. Reservations are open 1-2 months and close in minutes, their website warns. «It is not an example of vulgar tourism, it was evaluated historically in the context of the city, as well as architectural … You have to think that it could have ended up being demolished and yet it is now a heritage that must be preserved», and emphasizes in favor of the positive aspects of that also called “pain tourism,” “scary tourism,” or more specifically here, “prison tourism,” where the prison on Robben Island, South Africa, and the Nelson Captivity took place. Mandela, which was also made according to the professor “as an important pilgrimage destination against apartheid”, is also listed. However, other prisons belong to the same subtype, such as Alcatraz, in the United States. Complete classic. 6,000 people pass through it every day. But for Luque, this prison is an example of “tourism that seeks the dark, the mythical escape, the spectacle” as in Ljubljana, Slovenia, the converted Hotel Celica, which openly promotes itself with the phrase “¿Can you wish To spend the night behind bars? “It’s not the quality of service that sells, but the image, the experience, the business.” By the way, from 22 euros on the night of the same Saturday in a twelve-bed cell with original bars. Infinite vein What does this desire want to go to where death, agony and misery can breathe? Psychoanalysts do not judge, because all means of satisfaction, so long as they do not threaten the other, with which one enjoys imagining the crimes of Jack the Ripper, are neither more nor less legitimate than another who enjoys seeing Goya’s paintings. There is a moral limit. I’m not going to do much moralizing about this stuff,” says Jose R. Obito. Nuclear energy, a way of experiencing risks that they also flirt with, for example, on expeditions that go to the slums of Rio de Janeiro The guru associates this desire to “feel cool” with a plague of killer selfies, on the edge of a giant wave, or The cliff, or the Siberian lagoon nicknamed the “Novosibirsk Maldives,” where the dark tourist plays in. Enjoy the turquoise waters of a paradise whose appearance is, paradoxically, a product of radioactivity. Who gives more.

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