The pandemic has made clear not only the fragility of the cultural sector but also its difficulty in adapting to labor and tax legislation, which did not take into account the specifics of a job that combines periods of high activity and months without it. Recently, the Ministerial Committee for the Development of the Statute of the Artist approved measures that ultimately take into account the interruption of the work. Not only artists, but also assistants and technicians.
For Alex Casanovas, President of the Confederation of Dramatic Artists (ConArte) and the Association of Professional Actors and Managers of Catalonia (Aadpc): “It is historic that we have adequate social protection laws in our sector. We have never asked for any concessions, only that labor legislation be adapted to the specifics For people of the circus, dance, theater and music … “.
The provision is compatible with the concept of image rights and intellectual property, More than 70,000 people will benefit from it Affiliated to the public scheme or private scheme for the self-employed. Promptly approved and published in the Bank of England on January 10, Royal Decree Law 1/2023 will improve social protection for workers in the world of culture and entertainment. So far it’s been complicated: For most people, 360 days of contributions are hard to come by.
From April 1, a retired translator who performs one-time work without his pension will not be penalized. That is, an actor could shoot a movie, a writer could hold a conference, or introduce a musician to a concert or recording. You will have to register and quote, but you will do so at a reduced rate.
From July 1, show workers employed by others -all performers- They will be able to collect private unemployment, as long as they have 180 days of contributions in the past six years or if they have performed 60 shows in the last 18 months in which they are registered with social security in the public system (artists branch).
Freelancers – show organizers, animators, sculptors, screenwriters – who make an amount equal to or less than 3,000 € per annum, at a reduced rate. For this year, a contribution base of €526.14 has been set, which means A monthly fee of 161 euros. The database will be updated in subsequent years. says Guillem Arnildo, of the Union of Musicians. “This limit of 3,000 euros per year of net income that has been set will have to be reviewed,” he adds.
These measures contribute to Eliminate fragility and organize the sector“, notes César Casares, dancer, member of ConArte and president of APDCM (Association of Dance Professionals of the Community of Madrid). The desire to present a concert or dance show can sometimes make us forget the foundations of the contractual relationship . “if I were Unemployed I can not work and collect in black. You have to opt out on the day you work and re-enroll later because it all adds up to your working life and entitles you to benefits.” In addition, this can be done easily, electronically, even if it’s a vacation.
The law explains what self-employment and employment are. When you are appointed to the Artists Scheme which counts more days worked on Social Security than on the Public System. According to the Supreme Court, all translators are employed by others. “But many of them are self-employed, contribute little, and are entitled to fewer benefits.” Since after the pandemic, the sector has laid down its batteries. There are cases 60 year old flamenco dancers who have only been listed for 11 years. “When profession comes in the door, workers’ rights go out the windowCesar says. You have to do a lot of pedagogy. “
despite what has been achieved so far There is a long way to go. Just as a construction worker has a job category within the system, dancers, set designers, sound technicians, stage managers, or trapeze artists do not.
They also want higher technical education to be recognized throughout Europe. “It is Kafka’s order that a dance teacher with 3,800 cumulative teaching hours is not legally fit to be appointed in Europe.And the possibility of switching to another activity when your body can’t do it is a no-brainer, too.” “.
Learn about specific diseases for each profession and that The cabinet recognizes ballet shoes or musical instruments, for example, as working tools In order to deduct VAT, there are other aspects that need to be developed.