The conflict in Ukraine has meant a Copernican shift in defense and the need to reinvent itself in the EU to set its own playbook on the idea of building a true European defense union. Especially when the EU’s top official in charge of common policy and security, Josep Borrell, said in August that “European armies have been swept away as bonsai armies: they look real, but they’re shrunken like miniature versions.” In this context, Fundación Alternativas notes that «the strategic autonomy of the European Union is no longer an option to become a necessity, linked to European stability itself, to the extent that the poles of power – Russia, with its geopolitical package; China, with its pervasive regular competition; And the United States, through its strategy of containment in the service of its leadership message, shows themselves ready to highlight their competition and their ability to intervene in the European neighborhood ». Mobile desktop icon image Amplifier and app AMP code 976 APP code According to data from the European Defense Agency, defense spending within the European Union in 2021 increased to 214,000 million euros, an increase of 6% compared to 2020, and the strongest since 2015. In this Ecosystem, the most important companies are EADS, Leonardo and Thales, where BAE Systems should be excluded because it is British. These companies are international, not European. Two-thirds of the sector’s income is concentrated in these companies, details Fundación Alternativas. Related news OTSC, the so-called Russian NATO that Putin can use as a platform to place nuclear missiles Alexia Columba Jerez This organization that provides military support to its members is a tool for Russia’s geostrategic control and a way to achieve a greater presence in Russia. Central Asia Building a European defense industry requires the activation of all necessary mechanisms, initiatives and resources in favor of its ability to project. In this case, Navy lieutenant Alfredo Ramos Izquierdo states in an IEEE document that “the EU has a series of tools to fulfill these needs: Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO in English), European Defense Fund (EDF), and Harmonized Annual Review of Defense (CARD It is a challenge of capabilities and wills, because as the Foundation for Alternatives states, “None of the Member States has in itself any option to be sufficiently appropriate to form this new international framework, and therefore, we only have common options.” For this reason, many Member States unite José Sarnito, Chief Operations Officer of Thales Spain, points out, “We are committed to the opportunity offered by participating in consortia for defense projects in the European Union… taking advantage of the opportunities offered by European defense funds to jointly develop advanced technologies and solutions.” Mobile Desktop Icon Image Amplifier and App Icon AMP Code 1036 APP According to Carlos Martí Semper, PhD in International Security and collaborator at Fundación Alternativas, this makes it possible to “increase the technological and industrial resources required by the research and development phase necessary to obtain an advanced and high-quality product. On the other hand, increasing market dimensions that unite the demand for equipment and systems of the participating countries. This was the case for the Eurofighter, the A-400M or the Future Combat Air System (FCAS). The Strategic Compass – an ambitious action plan approved in March to strengthen EU security and defense policy by 2030 – indicates that the EU Surrounded by instability and conflict, with multiple threats such as terrorism. If the European Union is not active and effective in promoting its interests, the space will be occupied by others. In this panorama, Marty describes an arrangement in which she says that “France has the strongest defense industry, followed by the United Kingdom, on Although its exit from the European Union has greatly reduced this rule, which complicates the desired European autonomy in this matter. Followed by Germany and Italy. A little further there are countries such as Sweden, Spain, and possibly Holland. The defense industry in Central and Eastern Europe is much lower, with Poland and the Czech Republic being the two countries with the most developed industry.” Marti notes that a review of this sector shows that the aerospace and electronics sector has a more globalized and diversified catalog of products than companies in the onshore and offshore sector. «In cyber defense, Europe relies on hardware equipment and is less advanced than the United States.According to the capacity development plan of the UAE Society – which defines needs – it is necessary to stay on the cutting edge of science in the field of microelectronics, communication systems or materials science. Other important technological areas are nanotechnologies or sensor networks. Specifically, the behavior of the so-called “group of four” stands out, which until now were considered the pioneers of European defense: France, Germany, Italy and Spain. “In cases like Spain, for example, initiatives like PESCO or the European Defense Fund can be a real lifeline for the defense industry, which will have to compete with European industrial giants. Especially when the future market is marked by a series of emerging military technologies such as artificial intelligence, hypersonic weapons, autonomous systems, quantum computing or biotechnology that are critical to the failure of companies that do not master them, and armies that do not implement them, ”establishes Marty. Collaboration “Increasing defense cooperation is also an opportunity for Spain to improve a good position for industry, which has the capabilities to do more, but may fail due to a lack of institutional support and planning. The European Defense Fund wants to support European SMEs specifically, from which our industry will benefit, which will witness In this sense, Tedae establishes that the defense and security industry, aeronautics and space contributed more than 17,096 million euros to GDP. Specifically, the turnover of the defense sector in 2021 amounted to 7,065 million euros. Likewise, the companies that make up Tedae allocate 1,177 million euros to R + D + I, to establish themselves as one of the main industries committed to innovation in Spain. “The government has announced an increase to 1.2% of GDP in defense for 2023, and it is expected to reach 2% in 2029. This scenario provides budgetary stability for our business,” notes Riccardo Marti Fluxa, President of Tedae. Mobile Desktop Icon Image Amplifier and App Mobile Icon AMP Code 2310 APP Code In this context with the Spanish brand, Indra’s role as a leader in the sector stands out Ignacio Mataix, CEO of Indra comments that “this company is one of the three With greater participation in the new European Defense Fund, with a presence in 19 projects that add up to more than €700m of investment, which is equivalent to 60% of the €1,200m pledged by the EU.In addition, as the national coordinator and international leader of the hardware pillar Sensing in the FCAS program, Indra will be in the European decision-making centers where the technologies to be developed, how to develop them and who will develop them will be discussed. A spokesperson for Airbus Spain points out that “we need a change in the culture of industrial organizations that must accompany digital transformation, as well as greater collaboration between industry, the technology sector and the academic research field, particularly public-private”. Coordination against fragmentation However, in building a European defense industry, the long shadow of NATO is still present, given that 21 of the European Union member states are also members of NATO, and with it the umbrella of protection that the United States offers NATO. Priority will present the European Union with very serious problems if a new cold war intensifies, which will force it to take action. But the positive part is that a coordinated increase in defense budgets, to meet the 2% national target NATO requires, could in turn be a push to strengthen and coordinate EU capabilities. However, all of these new intentions also revealed weaknesses that desperately need to be patched. The EU is, as Núñez Villaverde described it to the Alternative Foundation, “an imperfect actor bearing the brunt of its own internal division”, with countries that differ in their interests. A few days ago, Borrell announced that “European military reserves” were exhausted “because of the war in Ukraine.” He stressed that this conflict exposed the inadequacy of our military stocks and the fragility of our supply chains. And, Burrell admitted, although the increased numbers on defense indicate he’s on the right track, it’s not enough. Who stressed the need to strengthen cooperation, increase investment in the short term and joint purchase of materials. In short, goals integration. Martí also points out that “the industrial policy of the member states in this sector has always been characterized by preferring local suppliers over offers from foreign companies, even when they were European. This is mainly due to reasons of autonomy or national sovereignty.” Like Italy, Poland and the Netherlands have bought 34 more F35 fighter jets from the United States than European competitors, the Eurofighter Typhoon or Rafale. This shows that the European defense problem is more complex. It is about investing in research, promoting synergies between industries and increasing trust between partners on a sensitive issue like defense and security.” Martí points out that “there was no defense union in the EU until very recently, and it was unified with the Treaty of Lisbon in 2007.” In addition, the United States is not the only competitor against European companies, there is the Turkish Bayraktar TB2 aircraft in the media or the presence of South Korea, a country that has always chosen research and development, which has landed in Poland, with its K2 Black Panther battle tanks. The Times reports on opportunities for its companies in the sector.More infoChina pushes its global economic ambition to the limit using Russia as a pawn SORM, the Russian box through which all the country’s secrets pass, and Spain and the EU sidelines to operate, while Russia and China gain a presence in Latin America Electromagnetic War Russia: An Invisible Enemy Sowing Chaos All of this for Alternativas can be seen as conditioned on its development “by national-populist and anti-Union currents.” Ruby. In addition to domestic politics in the United States, elections. Other factors that are difficult to measure are the outcome of the war in Ukraine, the evolution of relations with China and the Indo-Pacific region, or the role played by other global threats such as climate change, international terrorism, or cybercrime. But the truth is, it has never been said that the way is easy.